lunes, septiembre 24, 2012

Testing client side of RESTful services

People tell me A and B, They tell me how I have to see, Things that I have seen already clear, So they push me then from side to side (I Want Out - Helloween)
Develop an application that uses RESTful web API may imply developing server and client side. Writing integration tests for server side can be as easy as using Arquillian to start up server and REST-assured to test that the services works as expected. The problem is how to test the client side. In this post we are going to see how to test the client side apart from using mocks.

As a brief description, to test client part, what we need is a local server which can return recorded JSON responses. The rest-client-driver is a library which simulates a RESTful service. You can set expectations on the HTTP requests you want to receive during a test. So it is exactly what we need for our java client side. Note that this project is really helpful to write tests when we are developing RESTful web clients for connecting to services developed by third parties like Flickr Rest API, Jira Rest API, Github ...

First thing to do is adding rest-client-driver dependency:

Next step we are going to create a very simple Jersey application which simply invokes a get method to required URI.

And now we want to test that invokeGetMethod really gets the required resource. Let's suppose that this method in production code will be responsible of getting all issues name from a project registered on github.

Now we can start to write the test:

  • We use ClientDriverRule  @Rule annotation to add the client-driver to a test.
  • And then using methods provided by RestClientDriver class, expectations are recorded.
  • See how we are setting the base URL using driver.getBaseUrl()
With rest-client-driver we can also record http status response using giveEmptyResponse method:

And obviously we can record a put action:

Note that in this example, we are setting that our request should contain given message body to response a 204 status code.

This is a very simple example, but keep in mind that also works with libraries like gson or jackson. Also rest-driver project comes with a module that can be used to assert server responses (like REST-assured project) but this topic will be addressed into another post.

I wish you have found this post useful.

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